Eurasia

Russia 2019

Aiding Corruption Investigations

Accountability and Governance

 $48,610

To aid the work of anti-corruption activists by making them more effective through new connections with an international network, which will facilitate transborder anti-corruption work and highlight the ways in which transborder kleptocratic practices undermine democratic principles in Western countries. Activists will be connected to media outlets that can expand the audience for their work, foreign experts who can assist with investigations, and legal experts familiar with relevant international legal anti-corruption mechanisms.

Amplifying Independent Media

Freedom of Information

 $75,195

To amplify the public’s awareness of and access to high-quality independent Russian-language media content and investigative reporting, and to foster the capacity of independent Russian media to effectively promote and disseminate content digitally. Digital capacity building and development for independent Russian-language media in order to broaden the audience and impact of significant reporting will be supported.

Building the Legal Capacity of Civil Society

Rule of Law

 $43,773

To promote the rule of law and encourage compliance with established regulations. Expert legal assistance will be provided to clients seeking justice and respect for their rights. Strategic litigation will be undertaken in cases allowing participants to build on the experience gained at the training. Specialized coordination meetings will be provided for a group of lawyers to improve and harmonize litigation methods and strategies.

Capacity Building for Journalists

Freedom of Information

 $72,242

To strengthen the capacities and digital skills of regional journalists and to foster regional and national journalism networks among journalists. A series of capacity-building workshops for journalists, especially focusing on digital skills to present content in compelling ways and effective strategies to reach audiences online and through social media networks, will be organized.

Civic Education

Civic Education

 $47,740

To promote civic engagement and to foster the growth of democratic ideas and values. Seminars and trainings will be conducted on civic education as well as on the benefits of activism to local communities. In addition, legal and informational consultations will be offered to activists who are interested in protecting their rights.

Civic Leadership Training

Civic Education

 $107,100

To develop the capacities, skills, and knowledge of aspiring civil society leaders, and to foster networks and promote new collaborations among civic activists. To foster public discussion of necessary reforms in the case of a major political transformation. A leadership education and development program will be implemented and discussions and public presentations of reforms by experts will be organized.

Civil Rights Education

Civic Education

 $84,008

To raise the capacity of local activists to reach out to their communities and to teach young people and their families about their rights. An independent discussion platform for activists and local citizens will be maintained and free legal and informational sessions will be provided to young people and citizens about their civic and human rights.

Civil Society Dialogue

Democratic Ideas and Values

 $50,923

To provide support for civil society activists and organizations carrying out their work under pressure. Capacity-building and technical support programs for civil society activists and organizations will be conducted, and legal assistance will be provided as needed. In addition, debates and discussions with democratic actors and activists will be organized.

Counteracting Discrimination Against Minorities

Human Rights

 $33,880

To reduce instances of hate crimes and counteract discrimination against minorities. A series of trainings for volunteers, activists and members of the community-at-large will be conducted on tolerance, public activism, and means of responding to hate crimes. When necessary, legal assistance and emergency help will be provided to victims of human rights abuses.

Countering Internet Sovereignty

Freedom of Information

 $65,993

To defend citizens’ right to free expression and association, security, and privacy on the internet, and to provide accurate information and promote public awareness and engagement around significant digital rights issues. The organization will maintain informational resources online to raise public awareness about a significant digital rights topic, including by monitoring relevant trends, compiling data, and analyzing related developments.

Countering Transborder Corruption

Accountability and Governance

 $101,605

To increase the capacity and effectiveness of those working to combat transborder corruption. The organization will work to create international networks between activists, journalists, and others seeking to develop new tools for exposing transborder corruption and its international consequences and to enhance the effectiveness of international and domestic accountability mechanisms in affected countries. The organization will expand its archive of documentary evidence relevant to major cases of transborder corruption, produce investigations into transborder corruption, and carry out advocacy in support of anti-corruption measures.

Curbing Corruption

Accountability and Governance

 $65,020

To promote accountability and increase transparency among Eurasian public officials, with a particular focus on foreign asset ownership. The organization will to continue to update and improve its English-language database with publicly available information about government officials, their assets and ownership rights abroad. The database will be promoted and presented to European stakeholders.

Defending Digital Rights

Freedom of Information

 $110,094

To defend the digital rights of citizens, including their rights to freedom of expression and association, security, and privacy online; and to promote public awareness and engagement around significant internet freedom issues. Strategic litigation and public awareness raising and advocacy will be conducted on significant digital rights issues, and related monitoring and analysis will be regularly published online.

Defending Human Rights

Human Rights

 $54,770

To raise the awareness of human rights violations committed in the region and to lower tensions between minority communities and local officials. Free legal aid will be rendered and a series of roundtables, press conferences, private meetings will be held to deepen local understanding of human rights.

Defending Human Rights

Human Rights

 $179,349

To raise public awareness of human rights violations and to provide support to victims of human rights violations. The organization will monitor trends and developments related to the the situation with human rights, will provide legal defense for victims of human rights violations, and will raise public awareness of these issues.

Defending Indigenous Rights

Human Rights

 $35,800

To defend indigenous rights. The organization will monitor major instances and issues of violations of indigenous rights, provide a platform to organize indigenous rights defenders, and provide legal aid to victims of rights violations. It will also facilitate improved institutionalization and coordination among indigenous rights activists.

Defending Minorities’ Rights

Human Rights

 $32,120

To increase access to legal aid for minorities who are subject to violations of their rights and to help raise awareness of minority rights violations amongst the human rights community. Pro-bono legal assistance will be offered to victims of human rights violations and a series of roundtables addressing human rights topics will be held.

Democracy Network

NGO Strengthening

 $146,474

To support the development of a resource hub for civil society organizations operating from inside and outside the country. The organization will offer technical resources to help democrats-at-risk continue their work in increasingly challenging conditions, and the ongoing development of a hub for democratic civil society activism will be supported.

Democratic Conflict Resolution

Conflict Resolution

 $35,000

To create a platform for the development of democratic solutions to local conflict and to promote the capacity of civil society actors to effectively address related issues. The organization will convene local civil society leaders and academics and support their work to develop democratic strategies and plans for concrete conflict resolution strategies.

Digital Investigative Journalism and Training

Freedom of Information

 $88,722

To provide the public with accurate information on foreign and security policy and to foster the capacity of journalists and NGOs to utilize new digital tools and research techniques in their work, including regional networks. In-depth investigative reporting, coverage of current events, and analysis will be published online, and a training and mentorship program will be conducted.

Documenting Human Rights Abuses

Human Rights

 $50,002

To improve access to information pertaining to the violation of fundamental human rights and international law. A database of such violations and instances will be regularly updated with news and information, and relevant information from the database will be shared with activists, journalists, and lawyers.

Empowering Civil Society

NGO Strengthening

 $57,600

To enhance the capacity of civil society groups in the country and to provide support for the activities and networking of civil society actors and organizations. Public events and various education programs promoting democratic values will be organized, and collaboration and interaction between civic activists and groups will be supported.

Engaging Regional Activists

NGO Strengthening

 $63,088

To increase the professionalism of local civic activists and to promote cooperation among local activists. Research on local-level civic activism will be conducted and organizations will be helped to develop their capacity to conduct information and advocacy campaigns and to address systemic rights violations and other issues in their communities.

Expanding Access to Information

Democratic Ideas and Values

 $64,015

To support regional democracy-themed cultural events that will present democratic values and ideas to the public through public discussions and presentations. Young professionals will be provided an opportunity to develop their skills through participation in master-classes and by presenting their work to the public.

History and Human Rights

Civic Education

 $35,750

To educate and encourage discussion among youth and educators about de-Stalinization and the ramifications of historical political repression and other human rights violations, including their relevance today. Seminars for educators and activists on methods for and approaches to teaching young audiences about human rights history and current related issues will be conducted.

Human Rights and Historical Memory

Human Rights

 $56,685

To raise awareness of the problems facing civil society and to improve the public’s understanding of the role of political repression in history and in modern society. Development of online informational resources will be conducted, the public’s access to historical information will be enhanced, and responses to public requests for historical information will be provided.

Human Rights Center

NGO Strengthening

 $62,670

To improve knowledge of and respect for international human rights standards, to raise awareness of individual rights, to improve access to justice for prisoners, and to increase the legal and management expertise of civil society activists. Human rights and legal education programs will be conducted, leadership trainings and seminars will be offered, and legal assistance will be provided.

Human Rights Education

Human Rights

 $69,972

To promote the rule of law and the defense of human rights using legal mechanisms and to increase the capacity of those striving to defend the rule of law and address significant human rights violations. A training and practical skills program dedicated to a human rights topic will be conducted.

Human Rights Education

Human Rights

 $44,475

To increase the capacity of lawyers working to defend the fundamental human rights of citizens. A series of online trainings for professionals who wish to work on these topics will be developed and conducted, and participants will be mentored as they apply the training in order to carry out work to defend human rights.

Human Rights Education

Human Rights

 $44,992

To strengthen public understanding of human rights related issues and the important role that civil society organizations play in defending human rights. Informational assistance will be offered to local civil society organizations that defend human rights and citizens’ fundamental freedoms, and information will be produced and published about their work.

Human Rights Litigation

Human Rights

 $55,000

To defend victims of human rights abuses. The organization will monitor instances of human rights abuses, provide legal aid to victims, and use advocacy and strategic litigation to challenge government practices violating fundamental rights. It will also expand its work defending the interests of people who become victims of police violence while exercising their right to free assembly.

Human Rights Monitoring

Freedom of Information

 $121,165

To raise public awareness of politically motived arrests and detentions as well as other human rights violations, and to provide legal assistance to those facing politically motived prosecution. A nationwide information collection network will be utilized to track and bring attention to such violations, and legal assistance will be provided.

Human Rights Monitoring

Human Rights

 $27,150

To raise public awareness of human rights, to improve citizens’ access to legal aid, and to encourage increased responsiveness to the needs of victims of human rights violations. A legal aid program will be offered for victims of human rights violations and assistance will be provided to victims in filing their complaints, gathering evidence, and representing their cases in court. Two trips to commemorate and discuss past human rights abuses will take place.

Improving Access to Information

NGO Strengthening

 $52,501

To improve access to information about human rights and environmental issues. Consultations with experts in these fields will be conducted, a website dedicated to discussing these issues will be maintained, informational materials on important and timely topics will be published, and a training for journalists interested in these topics will be hosted.

Improving Access to Information

Freedom of Information

 $32,650

To improve access to information, to support grassroots initiatives, and to improve the quality of journalistic reporting on freedom of information issues. Trainings will be organized to teach journalists how to access public information properly and how to write about local issues. A series of trainings for activists and educators will be held on teaching students and other activists about their rights.

Increasing Access to Information

Human Rights

 $87,260

To provide the public with access to accurate information about important ecological issues. Significant violations of citizens’ rights will be monitored and legal and informational expertise will be offered. Information about the project’s activities will be published and awareness raising of ecological and human rights issues will be regularly conducted.

Increasing Access to Justice

Human Rights

 $100,008

To promote adherence to the rule of law by advocating for compliance with and implementation of international norms and domestic legislation. To increase domestic and international awareness about the use of international mechanisms as a tool to address human rights violations. Monitoring will be conducted and technical assistance will be offered to victims of human rights violations.

Increasing Access to Legal Aid for Victims of Persecution

Human Rights

 $62,119

To provide legal aid and seek recourse for victims of human rights violations, to help persecuted citizens understand and defend their rights, and to monitor hate crimes and discrimination against marginalized populations. Free legal support will be provided and informational campaigns around related issues will be conducted in order to raise public awareness.

Increasing the Capacity of Civic Activists

Civic Education

 $42,700

To increase the capacity of civic activists. A series of seminars will be hosted to bring activists together to share best practices, discuss security issues, and network with their colleagues. A seminar on civic activism will be organized, where participants will also compete for project support and receive programmatic guidance.

Independent Information

Freedom of Information

 $100,000

To provide the public with an independent source of reliable and accurate information about local events, news, and significant social, economic, and political developments. News reporting, analysis of local trends, and information about civil society and human rights related issues will be collected and will be regularly published online.

Independent Internet Television

Freedom of Information

 $39,980

To provide the public with an independent source of commentary in video format on significant local political developments. To address the lack of independent reporting and analysis on state-controlled TV news channels, an internet television program to provide viewers with engaging commentary on significant political and social issues will be produced and published online.

Independent Journalism and Legal Analysis

Freedom of Information

 $41,086

To support independent journalism and analysis on issues related to civil society, human rights, and the rule of law. A website will be maintained to publish articles and analyses by experts on themes related to legislation, judicial processes, and human rights. An online database of legal information will be hosted for use by journalists and researchers. A series of webinars and seminars will be conducted to teach journalists and activists how to leverage these legal resources to produce high quality reporting and assist civil society campaigns.

Independent News and Analysis

Freedom of Information

 $36,400

To increase the availability of high-quality independent news and analysis on significant political, economic, and social developments and to promote open debate and discussion around topics of public interest. Analytical reporting and commentary on current events will be published online, and the development of a new generation of analysts will be fostered.

Independent Video News and Commentary

Freedom of Information

 $65,200

To provide an independent source of national news and commentary in video format to Russian-language audiences, and to foster the development of new independent video media in the regions. Video news programs featuring analysis of current events and reporting on significant social issues through commentary by influential pro-democratic personalities will be produced and published online through social media networks.

Independent Video Reporting

Freedom of Information

 $38,727

To provide an independent source of national-level news and analysis of current events to the public. An online video series will be produced with engaging coverage and analysis of significant developments related to news and social topics. Investigative reporting and independent analysis will be conducted.

Information Portal

Freedom of Information

 $135,094

To inform citizens about human rights issues and ecological problems and to help citizens find democratic methods of resolving such issues. A website with regularly updated news, information, and events about these issues will be maintained. Support and technical assistance will be offered to independent journalists and civil society activists.

Investigating Transnational Crime and Corruption

Accountability and Governance

 $84,600

To expand understanding of the scope and nature of kleptocracy in the form of government-linked corruption and crime in the EU. The organization will conduct investigations into specific major cases, undertake research to better gauge the scope of such activities, and develop an international network of anti-corruption activists, journalists, and law enforcement.

Legal Assistance for Human Rights

Human Rights

 $75,000

To improve access to justice for minorities whose rights have been violated. Activities will include monitoring instances of hate crimes and other violations of minorities’ rights, and providing informational and legal aid to victims of hate crimes and other rights violations. Information based on the results of monitoring will be made publically available.

Legal Defense

Human Rights

Supplement: $20,000

To protect fundamental freedoms. Legal defense will be provided to civil society organizations, activists, and others, and strategic litigation will be pursued to oppose laws and practices that deny citizens their fundamental freedoms. Awareness of these issues will be raised and lawyers will be trained to conduct similar work.

Legal Defense of Human Rights

Human Rights

 $68,590

To support human rights defenders, civil society activists, and the people they protect. Legal consultations and comprehensive assistance will be offered to human rights defenders, activists, and victims of human rights violations. Activities and events will also be carried out to raise public awareness of human rights issues and to conduct advocacy.

Legal Resource Center

Human Rights

 $78,270

To provide legal assistance to victims of human rights abuses and to disseminate information concerning such cases to the public. In collaboration with regional NGOs, regular monitoring of human rights abuses will be conducted, and the results of the monitoring will be shared with domestic media and human rights organizations.

Legal Support of Citizens’ Rights

Rule of Law

 $54,224

To defend citizens’ rights and counteract systemic corruption using legal mechanisms and to raise public awareness of the benefits civil society and grassroots activism bring to local communities. Support will be provided for lawyers working to defend the rights of citizens and efforts will be undertaken to educate the public about the corrupt and unlawful practices that often lead to such violations. Informational and technical assistance will be provided to grassroots movements.

Monitoring Human Rights Abuses

Human Rights

 $90,674

To foster greater attention to the problems of extremism, xenophobia, and the curtailing of civil liberties, and to promote tolerance for ethnic and religious minorities. Monitoring and investigations on these topics will be conducted, advocacy campaigns will be carried out, and reports and analyses will be published. Legal assistance will be rendered in cases of strategic significance.

Multimedia School

Freedom of Information

 $52,195

To develop and improve professional capacities of regional journalists and to cultivate independent journalism networks among participants and trainers. A comprehensive multimedia training will be conducted to train regional journalists and bloggers. A training on digital and personal security will be included in the last session. Continued engagement through the creation of an alumni network will strengthen a network of independent regional journalists.

Promoting Academic Freedom

Freedom of Information

 $39,590

To raise awareness of government efforts to limit academic freedom. Research on the methods used to suppress academic freedom, the scope of the problem, and the response from the academic community will be conducted, and advocacy and awareness-raising activities will be carried out. The results of the research and monitoring will be shared through media publications and public events.

Promoting Civic Engagement

Freedom of Information

 $53,000

To produce an online platform as an informational resource for local activists and organizations. Investigative journalism will be conducted on issues related to local civic campaigns, and an online platform will be maintained as an informational and organizational resource for activists in order to build the capacity of local civil society actors.

Promoting Digital Security and Communication

NGO Strengthening

 $175,000

To sustain democratic activism in difficult conditions and to increase the capacity of civil society organizations to organize more securely and effectively. Improvements in civil society organizations’ digital security, digital communication, with an emphasis on content creation for social media and websites, and data management will be identified and promoted.

Promoting Historical Memory

Democratic Ideas and Values

 $69,180

To update a platform linking multiple databases of information on political repression in the former Soviet Union in order to promote a fact-based historical memory. The platform will organize and provide free access to a significant amount of historical documents, photos, and information on political persecution for scholars and the general public.

Promoting Historical Memory

Democratic Ideas and Values

 $92,921

To encourage civic discussion on pressing issues of freedom, democracy and historical memory, an interactive online database will be created and promoted at public events. An internship program will be maintained to engage youth with issues of past repression and historical memory. Videos, podcasts, and multimedia content will be produced to draw wider attention to the history of repression.

Promoting Human Rights

Human Rights

 $264,997

To monitor and publish information about human rights violations and to offer legal aid to victims of human rights violations. A website will be maintained with information about the organization’s activities and focus areas in order to promote public awareness of human rights topics, and legal advice and assistance will be provided to victims of human rights abuses.

Promoting Independent Media

Freedom of Information

 $55,500

To promote the independent assessment of significant political and social developments and to provide the public with an independent source of information about human rights violations. A publication providing independent analysis of and information on political, social, and human rights developments will be regularly produced and distributed to its readership.

Promoting Regional Journalism and Civic Activism

Freedom of Information

 $77,638

To improve the amount of unbiased, locally relevant information available to the public and to foster the growth of civic activism and engagement by citizens around significant issues impacting their lives. An online platform for use by independent journalists and civic activists will be maintained and information on local developments will regularly be published.

Protecting Activists

Human Rights

 $138,644

To foster the respect of, and adherence to, international norms on human rights, the rule of law, and democratic values, and to raise domestic and international awareness of these and other related issues. Legal proceedings will be monitored and independent research will be conducted and published providing information on these issues.

Protecting Human Rights

Human Rights

 $84,960

To provide free legal representation and consultations to victims of human rights violations. Information will be collected about human rights violations and legal assistance will be provided to victims. Regional and international instruments for the protection of human rights will be promoted and utilized among human rights defenders and civil society organizations. A website dedicated to monitoring human rights violations and providing assistance in response will also be supported.

Protecting Human Rights

Human Rights

 $55,508

To strengthen the capacity and professional development of human rights defenders and grassroots initiatives and to defend citizens’ rights. A center will be maintained to support civic initiatives, offer legal advice to citizens, and host public awareness campaigns on human rights issues. The efforts of activists in other towns in the region will also be supported and similar assistance will be offered to local citizens.

Protecting Human Rights

Human Rights

 $152,044

To reduce incidences of human rights violations, to strengthen awareness of and compliance with international human rights standards in the region, and to help citizens understand and protect their rights. Legal support will be provided and informational campaigns will be conducted in order to raise public awareness around related topics.

Protecting Minority Rights

Human Rights

 $28,512

To provide informational support and legal counsel to minority rights initiatives and to inform the public about ongoing human rights abuses targeting minority groups. A series of events to inform the public about ongoing discrimination against minorities will be organized and conducted and  legal aid will be provided to affected individuals.

Protecting the Right to Information

Freedom of Information

 $117,472

To assist citizens in realizing their right to information and to improve the implementation of laws guaranteeing citizens’ right to information. A series of activities will be conducted including strategic litigation and informational campaigns to raise the awareness of the right among the legal community, government bodies, and the public.

Protecting the Rule of Law for Young People

Human Rights

 $65,000

To defend young people and their family members against human rights abuses and to decrease the frequency of abuse against these groups. Analytical and educational materials will be produced and distributed. In-person and online legal assistance will be provided to victims and strategic litigation will be advanced through domestic and international legal mechanisms. Public events will be held to raise awareness of human rights abuses.

Protection of Human Rights

Human Rights

 $50,076

To enable young people and their families to protect their rights and to decrease the frequency of human rights abuses. Human rights seminars, presentations, and consultations will be conducted throughout the project period. Telephone and online hotlines will be maintained to offer emergency legal assistance and counsel, and an educational seminar for human rights defenders will be organized. The organization’s website will be upgraded to a modern, more secure version.

Providing Independent Local Reporting and Combating Corruption

Freedom of Information

 $49,730

To raise awareness of local issues, to provide accurate information on local and national news, and to foster government accountability and combat public corruption. A website covering local news, events, and civic initiatives will be maintained and an online database to monitor and combat public corruption will be created.

Public Dialogue

Human Rights

 $40,900

To support civil society and human rights activists and to promote understanding of human rights and respect of legal norms. Discussions on history, human rights, and local issues will be facilitated and supported. A resource center will be maintained and support will be offered to activists, local NGOs, and initiative groups.

School of Investigative Journalism

Freedom of Information

 $80,172

To strengthen the capacities of regional journalists and to increase the amount of independent investigative journalism available to the Russian-language public, while fostering regional and national networks among journalists from the region. A series of investigative journalism trainings to improve the skills and capacities of independent journalists will continue to be conducted.

Strengthening Activists’ Access to Democratic Networks and Information

Political Processes

 $305,714

To increase the capacity of local civic actors to engage with citizens around the principles of democratic governance. Local civic actors will be connected with an international network of democratic actors and lawmakers, exposing them to and providing training on best practices in democratic governance. Advanced research methods to help political and civic partners form and implement more data-driven outreach strategies that are tailored to citizens’ priorities will be utilized.

Strengthening Civil Society

Human Rights

 $106,386

To provide informational, legal, and technical assistance to NGOs and initiative groups. Events will be facilitated focusing on common problems faced by NGOs and civil society activists. Training will be provided and legal aid will be given on topics such as legal challenges, registration procedures, and reporting requirements for activists and civil society professionals.

Support for Russia’s Democratic Movement

Democratic Ideas and Values

 $217,659

To strengthen networks among activists, politicians, and leaders of public thought. Expert analysis on Russian politics and current affairs will be produced for Russian and Western audiences. Objective, fact-based reporting and supporting evidence will be used to challenge the central narratives of disinformation campaigns. Publications will be produced and a series of events, public presentations, meetings will be hosted with the authors to encourage public discussion of important findings.

Supporting Activism

Political Processes

 $111,402

To support civic activists in their work to address systemic issues at the local level. Research on local-level civic activism will be conducted. The project will also help civic organizations and individual activists to develop their capacity to better serve the people in their communities through informational and advocacy campaigns.

Supporting and Amplifying Investigative Journalism

Freedom of Information

 $89,820

To increase the availability of high-quality Russian-language investigative journalism, and to foster the capacity of independent media to effectively promote and disseminate content digitally, in particular in the increasingly popular video format. Investigative journalism will be published and social media content to amplify the public’s awareness of this reporting will be produced.

Supporting Civic Processes

Accountability and Governance

 $55,405

To promote the transparency of elections by refining innovative monitoring methods including the use of video monitoring and statistical analysis. Online resources will be maintained to be used by activists, NGOs and professional researchers, and training will be conducted to show the effectiveness of both methods in documenting fraud and manipulations of election outcomes.

Supporting Civil Society

Human Rights

 $125,000

To support civic education and public dialogue in order to strengthen civil society. Events will be hosted, including public discussions, seminars, lectures, roundtables, and trainings for civil society actors. In addition, civil society activists and organizations will be trained on human rights topics and given opportunities to build their networks.

Supporting Civil Society

Human Rights

 $83,121

To build the capacity of human rights defenders. Trainings and networking sessions will be held to improve the capacity of local activists and human rights lawyers to conduct their work effectively. Consultations and support will be given to participants as they continue their work. In addition, strategy meetings will be hosted and advocacy campaigns will be conducted.

Supporting Civil Society

NGO Strengthening

 $111,776

To provide emergency support to civil society activists operating in a restrictive environment and to promote the continued work and effectiveness of local civil society organizations. Such assistance may include emergency relocation support to activists at risk, emergency assistance to those suffering from politically motivated persecution, or capacity building support for civil society actors.

Supporting Democratic Institutions

Rule of Law

 $60,070

To provide practical trainings to human rights defenders and support monitoring missions in ten regions. Expert assistance and coordination efforts will be organized to enhance cooperation between human rights defenders across the country and to increase their capacity to represent victims of abuse and negligence. Legal and technical services will be offered to improve monitoring capabilities of local activists.

Supporting Freedom of Information and Expression

Freedom of Information

 $50,000

To provide an independent source of information on social, political, and human rights developments and to foster a community of discussion around these issues. A website will be maintained with regularly updated news and information relating to the development of democratic norms in the region, and a platform for civil society voices will be provided.

Supporting Human Rights Defenders

Human Rights

 $90,413

To provide support to human rights activists at risk. In response to a growing authoritarian crackdown against civil society actors, activists who have come under pressure will be hosted through a respite and rehabilitation program. This will allow activists to counter potential burnout and to increase the effectiveness of their work upon their return.

Supporting Independent Leaders and Activists

Accountability and Governance

 $250,000

To provide activists with the knowledge and skills they need to more effectively conduct their work. Partnerships with organizations will be leveraged to provide a customized training program, including study trips, webinars, online discussion, and consultations on an as-needed basis. Topics covered will include communicating with citizens, developing an organization, and project implementation.

Supporting Independent Media

Freedom of Information

 $39,600

To provide a source of independent news and analysis to the public on significant social, political, and human rights developments in the country and to foster open discussion and debate around important civil society issues. Content related to the development of democratic norms and competitive politics will be produced and published online.

Supporting Independent Media

Freedom of Information

 $51,277

To provide an independent source of information on significant developments in the region, and to increase the availability of investigative reporting on topics connected to Russia and the Baltic region. An independent source of information and analysis on developments in the Baltic countries, Russia, and the world will be provided for Russian-language audiences.

Supporting Investigative Journalism

Freedom of Information

 $55,124

To increase the availability to the public of high-quality Russian-language investigative journalism on significant political and social topics in order to provide citizens with an independent source of information on developments in Russia and the world. Investigative reporting on a variety of topics will be published online on a regular basis.

Supporting Long-Form Journalism

Freedom of Information

 $39,960

To increase the availability of independent Russian-language long-form journalism and to provide the Russian-language public with an independent source of news and analysis on significant developments in Russia and the world. In-depth reporting and analytical articles on a variety of topics will be published and current events coverage will be regularly updated online.

Supporting Regional Independent Media

Freedom of Information

 $50,500

To increase the availability of independent regional journalism, and to promote public engagement in resolving local problems. A regular version of an independent newspaper will be printed, and regional reporting on developments affecting citizens along with analytical articles and posts from regional experts and journalists will be published online.

Supporting the Defense of Human Rights

Human Rights

 $64,180

To reduce and deter the occurrence of human rights violations committed by law enforcement agencies, judicial officials, and penal authorities. Human rights violations will be monitored, documented, and publicized to raise public awareness of these issues. Legal assistance will be provided to victims of human rights abuses and their families.

Understanding Public Opinion

Freedom of Information

 $93,666

To improve understanding of public attitudes and citizens’ relationship with the government. Sociological research regarding major political and economic trends and developments will be conducted using focus groups, surveys, and innovative new sociological research methods. Research findings will be presented to the public through discussion by experts and their publication of analytical articles in prominent media.

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