Civic Education

Search Terms

Citizenship—Study and teaching
Civics—Study and teaching
DemocracyStudy and teaching
Education—Political aspects

Websites and tools

Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE)
Based at the Jonathan M. Tisch College of Civic Life at Tufts University, CIRCLE’s research informs policy and practice for healthier youth development and a better democracy. Site includes Tools for Practice and Research Products.

A network of educators, civil society organizations, educational institutions, and governmental agencies, which works to bring civic education curricula to students worldwide. Find online resources on CIVNET.

ICCS reports on levels of students’ civic knowledge, collects and analyzes data from educators about civic education in curriculum. Resources include Publications.

ILSA Gateway

Select articles and working papers

Ehrlich, Thomas. 1999. “Civic Education: Lessons Learned”. PS: Political Science and Politics. 32 (2): 245-50.

Finkel, Steven E. 2003. “Can Democracy Be Taught?” Journal of Democracy. 14 (4): 137-151.

Finkel, Steven E. 2002. “Civic Education and the Mobilization of Political Participation in Developing Democracies”. Journal of Politics. 64 (4): 994-1020.

Heggart, Keith. 2015. “Social Capital and Civics and Citizenship: Developing a Framework for Activist Education.” Issues in Educational Research. 25 (3): 276-290.

Patrick, John J. 2005. “Content and Process in Education for Democracy”. International Journal of Social Education. 20 (2): 1-12.

Patrick, John J., Ed, and John E., Ed Weakland. 1997. “International Partnerships for Civic Education and Democracy.” International Journal of Social Education 12 (2).

Reimers, Fernando. 2007. “Civic education when democracy is in flux: The impact of empirical research on policy and practice in Latin America.” Citizenship Teaching and Learning. 3(2): 5-21.

Select Books and Reports

Abdi, Ali A., and Lynette Shultz. 2008. Educating for human rights and global citizenship. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Alemika, Etannibi E. O., Victor Adebola O. Adetula, and Nimi Walson-Jack. 2001. Civic & human rights education for Nigerian students. Kaduna [Nigeria]: League of Democratic Women (LEADS – Nigeria).

Arthur, James, Ian Davies, and Carole Hahn. 2008. The SAGE handbook of education for citizenship and democracy. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Bellagio Citizenship Education and Diversity Conference, and James A. Banks. 2004. Diversity and citizenship education: global perspectives. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ben-Porath, Sigal R. 2006. Citizenship under fire: democratic education in times of conflict. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Bénéï, Véronique. 2005. Manufacturing citizenship: education and nationalism in Europe, South Asia and China. London: Routledge.

Cairns, James L. 1996. Gwira mpini kwacha civic education to build local democracy, a trainer’s manual. Malawi: Montfort Missionaries.

Callan, Eamonn. 1997. Creating citizens: political education and liberal democracy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Center for Civic Education (Calif.). 1994. National standards for civics and government. Calabasas, Calif: Center for Civic Education.

Civic education and democracy towards free and fair elections 1996 and beyond. 1996. Kampala, Uganda: Civic Education Joint Coordination Unit (CEJOCU).

Davies, Ian, Li-Ching Ho, Dina Kiwan, Carla L. Peck, Andrew Peterson, Edda Sant, and Yusef Waghid. 2018. The Palgrave handbook of global citizenship and education. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 

Democracy Education Civic Forum Style. 1997. Washington, D.C.: National Democratic Institute.

Dolejšiová, Ditta, and Miguel Angel García López. 2009. European citizenship–in the process of construction: challenges for citizenship, citizenship education and democratic practice in Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Pub.

Gollob, Rolf, and Peter Krapf. 2008. Teaching democracy: a collection of models for democratic citizenship and human rights education. Strasbourg: Council Of Europe Publishing.

Gomez, Andy S. 2003. The role of education in promoting Cuba’s integration into the international society: lessons in transition from the post-communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. Coral Gables, Fla: Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies, University of Miami.

Grossman, David L., W. O. Lee, and Kerry J. Kennedy. 2008. Citizenship curriculum in Asia and the Pacific. Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre, the Hong Kong University.

Guidelines on human rights education for secondary school systems. 2012.Warsaw: OSCE/ODIHR.

Ichilov, Orit. 1998. Citizenship and citizenship education in a changing world. London: Woburn Press.

Jandora, John W. 2008. States without citizens: Understanding the Islamic crisis. London: Praeger Security International.

Kanaev, Alexander N. 2000. Civic education in Central Asia: re-conceptualization of citizenship in newly indepedent states. [Stockholm]: Institute of International Education, Stockholm University.

Kennedy, Kerry J., W. O. Lee, and David L. Grossman. 2010. Citizenship pedagogies in Asia and the Pacific. Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre, University of Hong Kong.

Levinson, Bradley A., and Doyle Stevick. 2007. Reimagining civic education: how diverse societies form democratic citizens. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Matto, Elizabeth C., Alison Rios Millett McCartney, Elizabeth A. Bennion, and Dick W. Simpson. 2017. Teaching civic engagement across the disciplines. Washington, DC: American Political Science Association.

McLauchlan de Arregui, Patricia, and Santiago Cueto. 1998. Educación ciudadana, democracia y participación. Lima: Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo.

Ravitch, Diane. 1990. Democracy: What It Is, How To Teach It.

Ravitch, Diane, and Joseph P. Viteritti. 2001. Making good citizens: education and civil society. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Remy, Richard C., Jacek Strzemieczny, and Sandra Stotsky. 1996. Building civic education for democracy in Poland. Bloomington, Ind: National Council for the Social Studies: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education.

Riutta, Satu. 2009. Democratic participation in rural Tanzania and Zambia: the impact of civic education. Boulder, Colo: FirstForumPress.

Scheerens, J. 2009. Informal learning of active citizenship at school an international comparative study in seven European countries. Dordrecht: Springer.

Schulz, Wolfram, John G. Ainley, Julian Fraillon, Bruno Losito, Gabriella Agrusti, and Tim Friedman. 2018. Becoming citizens in a changing world: IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 International Report.

Tawil, Sobhi, Alexandra Harley, and Cecilia Braslavsky. 2004. Education, conflict and social cohesion. Geneva: Unesco, International Bureau of Education.

Tibbetts, Felisia, and Judith Torney-Purta. 1999. Citizenship education in Latin America: preparing for the future. Amsterdam: Human Rights Education Associates.

Torney-Purta, Judith. 2001. Citizenship and education in twenty-eight countries: civic knowledge and engagement at age fourteen. Amsterdam: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement.

Torny-Purto, Judith, John Schwille, and Jo-Ann Amadeo. 1999. Civic education across countries: twenty-four national case studies from the IEA civic education project. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement.

Webber, Stephen L., and Ilkka Liikanen. 2001. Education and civic culture in post-communist countries. London: Palgrave, in association with School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College.

White, Cameron, and Roger Openshaw. 2007. Democracy at the crossroads: international perspectives on critical global citizenship education. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Yudelman, Sally W. 1997. The paving stones: an evaluation of Latin American civic education programs. Washington, DC: National Endowment for Democracy.

Zajda, Joseph I., Holger Daun, and Lawrence J. Saha. 2009. Nation-building, identity and citizenship education cross-cultural perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer.