Use these subject headings to search WorldCat and find resources in a library near you.
Digital communications—Political aspects
Digital media—Political aspects
Freedom of information
Social media AND activism
Social media—Political aspects
Netizens AND activism
Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University
The research center’s mission is to explore and understand cyberspace. Search Publications and Projects and Tools.
Center for Internet and Society (CIS) at Standford Law School
Leader in the study of the law and policy around the internet and emerging technologies. Publications searchable by topic.
Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA)
The Center for International Media Assistance promotes independent media in developing countries with a focus on effectiveness, sustainability, innovation, and funding. The site includes publications by researchers and practitioners, searchable by region and topic.
European Digital Rights (EDRi) is an association of civil and human rights organisations from across Europe. The association works to defend rights and freedoms in the digital environment. The Members lists provides individual organization working on the same issues.
Global Voices is an international and multilingual community of bloggers, journalists, translators, academics, and human rights activists. Topics include Digital Activism.
Global organization dedicated to keeping the internet open and transparent through development and advocacy. Resources include resources library and annual Global Internet Report.
Organization creating tools and apps, and teaching safe and ethical filming techniques to groups in critical situations to protect and defend human rights. The site includes a resources page with guides and tech tools in multiple languages.
Select Articles and Working Papers
Diamond, Larry Jay. 2010. “Liberation Technology”. Journal of Democracy. 21 (3): 69-83.
Garrett, R. Kelly. 2006. “Protest in an Information Society: a review of literature on social movements and new ICTs“. Information, Communication & Society. 9 (2): 202-224.
Hounshell, B. 2011. “The Revolution Will Be Tweeted: Life in the vanguard of the new Twitter proletariat”. Foreign Policy. (187): 20-22.
MacKinnon, Rebecca. 2011. “China’s “Networked Authoritarianism“. Journal of Democracy. 22 (2): 32-46.
Meier, P. 2011. “Do ‘Liberation Technologies’ Change the Balance of Power Between Repressive States and Civil Society?” Ph.D. diss. Tufts University. http://irevolution.net/dissertation/.
Morozov, Evgeny. 2011. “Whither Internet Control?” Journal of Democracy. 22 (2): 62-74.
Mungiu, Alina, and Igor Munteanu. 2009. “Moldova’s “Twitter Revolution”. Journal of Democracy. 20 (3): 136-142.
Qiang, Xiao. 2011. “The Battle for the Chinese Internet”. Journal of Democracy. 22 (2): 47-61.
Shirky, Clay. 2011. “The Political Power of Social Media.” Foreign Affairs. 90 (1): 28-41
Srinivasan, Ramesh, and Adam Fish. 2009. “Internet Authorship: Social and Political Implications Within Kyrgyzstan”. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 14 (3): 559-580
Yang, Guobin. 2009. “Online Activism”. Journal of Democracy. 20 (3): 33-36.
Select Books and Reports
Aaker, Jennifer Lynn, Andy Smith, and Carlye Adler. 2010. The dragonfly effect: quick, effective, and powerful ways to use social media to drive social change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Aday, Sean, Henry Farrell, Marc Lynch, John Sides, John Kelly, and Ethan Zuckerman. 2010. Blogs and bullets: new media in contentious politics. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace. http://www.usip.org/files/resources/pw65.pdf.
Aron, Leon. n.d. Nyetizdat: how the Internet is building civil society in Russia. American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. http://www.aei.org/publication/nyetizdat-how-the-internet-is-building-civil-society-in-russia/
Center for International Media Assistance. 2009. The role of new media in the 2009 Iranian elections. Washington, DC: Center for International Media Assistance. https://www.cima.ned.org/publication/the-role-of-new-media-in-the-2009-iranian-elections/
Bimber, Bruce A., Andrew J. Flanagin, and Cynthia Stohl. 2012. Collective action in organizations: interaction and engagement in an era of technological change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chadwick, Andrew. 2006. Internet politics: states, citizens, and new communication technologies. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dartnell, Michael Y. 2006. Insurgency online: Web activism and global conflict. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Donk, Wim B. H. J. van de. 2004. Cyberprotest: new media, citizens, and social movements. London: Routledge.
Earl, Jennifer, and Katrina Kimport. 2011. Digitally enabled social change: activism in the Internet age. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
Ekine, Sokari. 2010. SMS uprising: mobile phone activism in Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Pambazuka Press.
Etling, Bruce, Karina Alexanyan, John Kelly, Rob Faris, John Palfrey, and Urs Gasser. 2010. Public discourse in the Russian blogosphere: mapping RuNet politics and mobilization. Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/Public_Discourse_in_the_Russian_Blogosphere_2010.pdf.
Ferdinand, Peter. 2000. The internet, democracy, and democratization. London: Frank Cass.
Gan, Steven, James Gomez, and Uwe Johannen. 2004. Asian cyberactivism: freedom of expression and media censorship. Bangkok: Friedrich Naumann Foundation, East and Southeast Asia Regional Office in association with Journalism and Media Studies Centre, Eliot Hall, University of Hong Kong.
Ghannam, Jeffrey. 2011. Social media in the Arab world: leading up to the uprisings of 2011. Washington, DC: Center for International Media Assistance, National Endowment for Democracy. https://www.cima.ned.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/CIMA-Arab_Social_Media-Report-10-25-11.pdf.
Goldstein, Josh, and Juliana Rotich. 2008. Digitally networked technology in Kenya’s 2007-2008 post-election crisis. Internet and Democracy project, Berkman Center for Internet and Society. http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/Goldstein&Rotich_Digitally_Networked_Technology_Kenyas_Crisis.pdf.pdf
Hands, Joss. 2011. @ is for activism: dissent, resistance and rebellion in a digital culture. London: Pluto.
Howard, Philip N. 2010. The digital origins of dictatorship and democracy: information technology and political Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Joyce, Mary. 2010. Digital activism decoded: the new mechanics of change. New York: International Debate Education Association.
Kalathil, Shanthi, and Taylor C. Boas. 2002. Open networks, closed regimes: the impact of the internet on authoritarian rule. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Kamalipour, Yahya R. 2010. Media, power, and politics in the digital age: the 2009 presidential election uprising in Iran. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Karpf, David. 2012. The MoveOn effect: the unexpected transformation of American political advocacy. New York: Oxford University Press.
Melvin, N. and T. Umaraliev. 2011. New social media and conflict in Kyrgyzstan. SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security, No. 2011/1. https://www.sipri.org/publications/2011/sipri-insights-peace-and-security/new-social-media-and-conflict-kyrgyzstan
Morozov, Evgeny. 2011. The net delusion: the dark side of Internet freedom. New York, NY: PublicAffairs.
Mourtada, R., & Salem, F. (2011). Civil Movements: The Impact of Facebook and Twitter. Arab Social Media Report. 1(2). Dubai: Governance and Innovation Program at the Dubai School of Government. https://journalistsresource.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/DSG_Arab_Social_Media_Report_No_2.pdf
Nunns, Alex, Nadia Idle, and Ahdaf Soueif. 2011. Tweets from Tahrir: Egypt’s revolution as it unfolded, in the words of the people who made it. New York: OR Books.
Rigby, Ben. 2008. Mobilizing generation 2.0: a practical guide to using Web 2.0 technologies to recruit, organize, and engage youth. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Sasseen, Jane. 2012. The video revolution. Washington, DC: Center for International Media Assistance, National Endowment for Democracy. http://cima.ned.org/sites/default/files/Video%20revolution%20FINAL.pdf.
Simon, Leslie David, Javier Corrales, and Donald R. Wolfensberger. 2002. Democracy and the Internet: allies or adversaries? Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
Sreberny, Annabelle, and Gholam Khiabany. 2010. Blogistan: the Internet and politics in Iran. London: I.B. Tauris.
Yang, Guobin. 2009. The power of the Internet in China: citizen activism online. New York: Columbia University Press.
Youngs, Richard. 2017. Global civic activism in flux. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. http://carnegieendowment.org/files/Global_Civic_Activism_INT_Final_Full.pdf.
Zheng, Yongnian. 2008. Technological empowerment: the Internet, state, and society in China. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press.