Media and Freedom of Expression

The Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA) is an initiative of the National Endowment for Democracy. Visit CIMA for the latest publications on international media development and regularly updated resources including donor and country profiles, and media development organizations.


Use these subject headings to search WorldCat and find resources in a library near you.

Freedom of expression
Freedom of the press
Government and the press
Journalism—Political aspects
Journalists—Crimes against
Journalists—Training of
Mass media

Open Access Journals

Global Media Journal

Global Media Journal publishes works that assess existing media structures and practices. It has established African, Arabic, Australian, Brazilian, Canadian, Chinese, Indian, Mediterranean, Mexico, Pakistan, Persian, Polish and Turkish editions.

Collection of international open access journals compiled by the International Association for Media and Communication Research.

Organizations, Institutions and Networks

The organizations currently presented in this section were chosen for their mission of fostering positive, democratic change around the world.

Article 19
Article 19 is an organization designed “to combat censorship by promoting freedom of expression and access to official information.”


The Center for International Media Assistance promotes independent media in developing countries with a focus on effectiveness, sustainability, innovation, and funding. The site includes publications by researchers and practitioners, searchable by region and topic.

Committee to Protect Journalists
The Committee to Protect Journalists is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization founded to monitor abuses against the press and promote press freedom around the world.

Freedom to Write
The Freedom-to-Write Committee of PEN American Center works to protect freedom of written expression around the world, from defending writers and journalists who are imprisoned, threatened, or attacked in the course of doing their work, to protesting book-banning in the United States.

Global Voices Advocacy
Global anti-censorship network of bloggers and activists dedicated to protecting freedom of expression online.

International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
The International Federation of Journalists defends press freedom and social justice through strong, free and independent trade unions of journalists.

International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX)
IFEX is a global network of more than 60 organisations that monitors press freedom and free expression violations around the world.

International Journalists’ Network (IJNet)
The Network is an on-line service for journalists, media managers, media assistance professionals, journalism trainers and educators and anyone else with an interest in the state of the media around the world. Resources include Toolkits.

International Press Institute
The International Press Institute is a global network of editors, media executives and leading journalists from newspapers, magazines, radio, TV and news agencies in over 100 nations.

International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX)
IREX (the International Research & Exchanges Board) is a nonprofit organization specializing in higher education, independent media, Internet development, and civil society programs.

Internews is an international non-profit organization that supports independent media in emerging democracies and uses the media as a tool to reduce conflict within and between countries.

Nieman Reports
Nieman Reports, of the Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard, is a website and quarterly print publication covering thought leadership in journalism.  Includes Nieman Watchdog Project, which chronicles how journalists can hold those in power to account

Panos London
Panos London stimulates informed and inclusive public debate around key development issues in order to foster sustainable development. They are working to promote an enabling media and communications environment worldwide.

Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty a private, international communications service to Eastern Europe and Southeastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Middle East, funded by the US Congress.

Reporters Sans Frontieres
An international watchdog organization that monitors oppressive action taken against journalists around the world.

Solidarity Center
The Solidarity Center empowers workers to raise their voice for dignity on the job, justice in their communities and greater equality in the global economy.

Witness strengthens local activists by giving them video cameras and field training. Today, Witness unleashes an arsenal of computers, imaging and editing software, satellite phones and email in the struggle for justice.

World Association of Newspapers
The World Association of Newspapers represents over 17,000 publications worldwide with one of its objectives being the defense and promotion of press freedom and the economic independence of newspapers as a requisite for that freedom.