How democracies can compete in the battle of ideas against authoritarian regimes;
Authoritarian learning and the modernization of repressive tools;
The challenge elite capture poses to democracy;
The evolution of sharp power influence worldwide.
In light of the increased attention on kleptocracy due to Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, in 2023 the Forum sounded the alarm on how kleptocratic networks are adapting and cooperating with each other to evade sanctions and other measures. Democracies must sustain the momentum in the battle against transnational kleptocracy. Highlights include: