Journal of Democracy April 2019 Issue: 30 Years After Tiananmen













Thirty years after the 1989 protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square and their brutal suppression captured global attention, repression is on the rise in Xi Jinping’s China. In a special set of five articles, activists and scholars reflect on  the legacy of Tiananmen:

  • Wang Dan re-examines the protesters’ goals and assesses the complex impact of 1989 on China’s social development;
  • Glenn Tiffert explores how Xi Jinping has both been influenced by and sought to control the memory of Tiananmen;
  • Bruce Gilley argues that the Chinese Communist Party’s strategies for survival without democracy may be less reliable than many believe;
  • Elizabeth Economy considers the growth of Chinese civil society and the resilience of dissent; and
  • Benny Tai discusses the significance of Tiananmen for Hong Kong’s democracy movement. 

Also in the April 2019 issue: 

  • What lessons does Malaysia’s transition hold for confronting authoritarianism? Anwar Ibrahim addresses this question in the fifteenth annual Seymour Martin Lipset Lecture on Democracy in the World.
  • Why are dissidents and exiles increasingly being targeted through Interpol? Edward Lemon explores authoritarian cooptation of the world’s leading global-policing organization.
  • How did peaceful protesters unseat Armenia’s semiauthoritarian leader? Miriam Lanskoy and Elspeth Suthers examine the roots and prospects of the 2018 Velvet Revolution.


For the complete Table of Contents, visit